La Sapienza - Università di Roma

logo de La Sapienza per la stampa

The Craftsmen Who Preceded Homo SAPIENS


A Sapienza Archaeological Research Team has recently conducted a study on animal bones found at the Qesem Cave in Israel that reveal the use of stone tools to work them between 400.000 and 200.000 years, in collaboration with Tel Aviv University (TAU), the Centro Nacional de Investigacìon sobre la Evolucìon Humana (CENIEH) and the University of Cambridge. 

The Sapienza team from the Department of Antiquities’ Lab for the Functional and Technological Analysis of Prehistoric Artefacts examined stone objects characterized by evidence of use as bone cutters, the remnants of bone found on these objects and a deer bone with a sewing mark that could not be associated to nutrition purposes.

Andrea Zupancich from Tel Aviv University and Cristina Lemorini from Sapienza presented the research results that reveal most ancient evidence of bones used as tools during the lower Palaeolithic. Moreover, the study also revealed that the creation of bone objects is far older than previous thought by the scientific community.

The results of the study have been published on the prestigious magazine “Scientific Reports.”